Memorandum of Association (MOA)

What is the Memorandum of Association? Memorandum of Association (MOA) is a legal document which specifies the scope of business activities of the company and information about shareholding of the company. The MoA is a document prepared for the Company registration procedure. Sometimes, it is called the charter of the company other times, it is just called a memorandum. In most countries, the MOA has to be filed as an ROC [...]

Article of Association

Introduction The Article of Association (AoA) were clearly defined and laid down in Ashbury Railway Carriage Co. vs. Riche [(1875) LR 7 HL 653].  “The Article of Association are subsidiary to the Memorandum of Association(MoA). The AoA define the duties, the rights and the powers of the governing body as between themselves and the company at large, and the mode and form in which the business of the company is [...]