1. Rights of the copyright owner
Under the Indian Copyright Act 1957, copyright preserves the social, economic and legal interests of the author. The copyright owner is allowed to retain the following exclusive rights.
- The owner may ask for authorship for published work under the right of paternity.
- The owner may reproduce the work in any tangible form and keeping it in any medium by electronic means as well.
- The owner may determine where to publish and where not under the right of publication.
- The owner may perform in public or talk about it to the public or he/she may make any translation or adaptation of the work.
- The owner may take certain defensive actions in case of image or reputation loss.
- The owner has a right to sell and transfer his or her work.
2. Rights of Reproduction
The Copyright Act says that no 3rd party can reproduce or make copies of the original work or part of the work unless the copyright owner has authorized to do so. It limits reproduction in the form of printing an edition of a work and recording sound and films.
3. Rights of Adaptation
The copyright creator can choose to use his work whichever way he needs. That is, he/she can build derivatives from the existing work or make new work in the same form or another form based on the original work. The following actions outline the term adaptation as per the Copyright Act:
- Transforming plays, movies, choreographic shows, and other dramatic works into non-dramatic or literary works like poems, novels, and books
- Transforming bookish works and artistic works like sculpture, photography, paintings, drawings, etc into dramatic work
- Change or modification of dramatic and non-dramatic work
- Pictorial depiction of the work
- Transcription of musical work
- Right of communication to the public
Copyright owners can make their work open to the public using broadcast or wireless distribution whether in any or more of the forms of symbols or visual images.
- Right of public performance
The owners of musical work and artistic work can do their works publicly. For example, a musician can play his part or an actor can perform in his play for the crowds. The artists can also choose to advertise their performance on digital platforms.
- Right of paternity and integrity
The Copyright Law grants the moral rights of paternity and integrity to the creators. The right of paternity or attribution indicates that the creator can maintain authorship over his work and have it attached to him. That is, whoever wants to reproduce or change the original work has to provide due credit to the author or else the author has the right to take the actions against the maker. For example, if a person needs to make a movie out of a book, he/she must properly acknowledge the author. The right of integrity preserves the right of the holder and lets him/her claim damages when someone changes, damages or alters his work creating disputation to his name and work.
- Right of Distribution
The copyright holder may distribute his work in any form by reproducing, selling, renting, leasing or lending. He/she can also assign particular rights to a person to either copyright the work partly, entirely or subject to some limitations.