TDS: What is it?

TDS is short for “Tax Deducted at  Source”. As the name suggests, TDS has been introduced to collect tax at the source from which an individual’s income is generated. The provision of TDS was introduced to put a curb to tax evasion measures being taken by fraudulent individuals. This is done by taxing the income (wholly or partially ) at the time of generation of said income rather than setting up a later date which might encourage people to start evading their taxes. In this article, we’re going to see what it means and steps to file it’s returns online.

The TDS taxation system in India is regulated by the Income Tax Act. It can be applied on a wide range of incomes generated including salaries, interests, and commissions received by individuals. However, not every generated income or commissions are liable to be taxed under it. The tax has been divided into different rates depending upon the types of payment and their intended recipients.
Let’s take an example: The redemption proceeds payment by a debt mutual fund is not taxable if the recipient is a resident individual. However, if the recipient is a foreign national/non-resident, the same payment is taxable under TDS rules.

Here are some of the sources eligible for TDS

  • Salary Payment
  • Incomes generated through securities
  • Remuneration received for Winning

How TDS works

The concept for TDS is very straightforward, every person making payments of specified types to any other individual is responsible for deducting taxes at the rates which have been prescribed by the Income Tax Act. The person responsible for deduction is also responsible for submitting the taxes collected by the government. This person is labeled as the ‘deductor’.

Contrary to this, the person who receives a payment which has been subject to deduction under it is called a ‘deductee’. The taxes deducted at the source from a particular individuals income are registered against their name/PAN in a statement also known as Form 26AS. The form 26AS, therefore, can be viewed to keep track of it, deducted from incomes received.

Deductors have to shoulder the responsibility of issuing a TDS certificate and filing it with the government indicating the amount deducted in the deductee’s name. Deductees should also receive a certificate stating the amount of it and they can claim the same TDS amount as the tax paid by them for that particular financial year.
In most cases, it ranges from 1 percent and 10 percent

Tax Rates Under TDS 

It is not just a percentage based tax which is levied equally on every individual. The amount of tax deducted for a particular person depends on the type of transaction as well on the type of recipient.
Here we provide you with a list of rates for different kinds of payments.

Payment/ Income TypeSection of TDS ApplicableTDS Rate(Rate of Deduction)
SalariesSection 192Applicable Income Tax Rates inclusive of cess
Accumulated Taxable part of PFSection 192A10%
Deemed DividendSection 19410%
Interest on SecuritiesSection 19310%
Other Interests(Excluding securities)Section 194A10%
Winnings from Lotteries or any other kind of gameSection 194B30%
Winnings from Horse RacesSection 194BB30%
Insurance CommissionSection 194D5%
Life Insurance Policies (Section 10 (10)D exempts few Policies)Section 194DA1% if payments exceed Rs. 1lakh in Financial Year
Commission or brokerage except for Insurance commissionSection 194H5% if payments made exceed Rs. 15000 in the Financial Year
Payment made for land or propertySection 194IA1%
Rent Payment by individuals or HUF in excess of 50%Section 194IB5%

TDS Applicability

It is a tax which is deducted from incomes only if they cross a certain threshold level which has been specified according to the rules. Recipients should vary that nobody should deduct TDS from their income if the value of the income is not crossing that specified level.
Threshold levels for different types of incomes/payments made to individuals are different and the Income Tax Department regulates and decides these tax deduction rates.
Example: No TDS on interests received from FD/FDs of a single bank if the amount of interests received does not cross the Rs. 10,000 mark.

Avoiding TDS

If an individual expects that they will not have a total income beyond the exemption limit in a financial year, they can ask payers not to deduct it with the help of Forms 15G/15H.

If the income is being taxed under it’s rules, it is advisable for individuals to provide their PAN details so that they don’t have to endure taxation at higher rates.

TDS Returns: What are they?

TDS return is nothing but quarterly statements to be submitted to the Income-Tax department containing following details.

  • PAN of the deductor and the deductee
  • Challan Information of it
  • Amount of Tax paid to the government

Here is the procedure for filing TDS returns with Taxraahi by LegalRaasta.

 

Who can collect it? What is it’s return eligibility criteria ?. Any employer or organization with a valid Tax Collection and Deduction Account Number (TAN). Individuals making specific payments under the Income Tax Act have to deduct tax at source and the returns for said deductions have to be filed within the stipulated time frame. It’s returns have to be filed every quarter and as per the guidelines, there are due dates for filing said returns.
Here are the due dates for filing it’s returns for the Financial Year 2018-19

 QuarterQuarter Time FrameDue Date TDS Return
1st QuarterApril 1 – June 3031st August
2nd QuarterJuly 1 – September 3031st October
3rd QuarterOctober 1 – December 3131st January 2019
4th QuarterJanuary 1 – March 3131st May 2019

TDS Return Procedure(e-TDS)

Organizations or employers with appropriate TAN should file TDS returns as soon as possible. If an organization fails to file TDS returns within 1 year of the due date,  they could be fined up to Rs 1 lakh in some cases. Thus, it is important to file these returns

TDS Return Forms

Following are the particulars of forms needed for filing returns.

DetailsForm
Salary TDSForm 24Q
Cases where TDS deductee is non-resident, Foreign companyForm 27Q
TDS on Payments made for the transfer of immovable propertyForm 26 QB
All other casesForm 26Q

The procedure for TDS return and filing it online can be confusing without proper guidance and assistance. At LegalRaasta,  we can help with filing TDS return as we specialize in TDS return filing and other taxation related compliances like GST return, GST registration, Income Tax Return e-filing. We also have services for corporate organizations like Company Registration, Trademark Search and Trademark Registration. Hit us up with your requirements at  +91-8750008585 or email at contact@legalraasta.com.

Here is the simple procedure for filing your TDS return with our state of the art software Taxraahi .

  • Add deductor(s)
  • Add and verify Challan Payments
  • Include all the employees/deductees
  • Match up the challans with the deductees
  • Verify Returns and generate FVU

That’s it! Hope we have answered the question of What it means and  what is it’s return procedure. It is so easy to file it’s returns with our convenient and efficient interface. Log on to file your returns immediately,