Act of Banning fuels by DPCC
DPCC released a list of DPCC fuels permissible to be used by the industries on July 4th, 2018 within the NCT (National Capital Territory). This was supported by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
DPCC gave 90 day time period for the industries. This was for those industries which are using the fuels which are not permissible to make the switch to the approved fuels. Any other fuel use is not permissible and thus not to be used in the NCT of Delhi.
“All other fuels will be deemed unapproved and so disallowed for use in NCT of Delhi,” the notification read.
Further comments have been made by Anumita Roychowdhury (the Executive director-research and advocacy, CSE) “Dust particles in the air get coated with toxic substances from combustion and can go deep into the lungs. Cleaner fuels for combustion are an important step forward to reduce the toxicity of emissions. Clean fuels not only improve the efficiency of emissions control systems but also reduce emissions of toxic compounds and lower the risk to human health. CSE has been advocating for this notification for some time now.”
List of DPCC fuels
“With coal and other dirty fuels like petroleum coke and furnace oil banned, industrial units will have to shift to cleaner alternatives such as piped natural gas, electricity or BS-VI diesel. It is encouraging to note that the use of natural gas by industries has expanded now in Delhi,” Roychowdhury said.
- Bharat Stage VI compliant petrol and diesel with 10ppm sulfur
- Liquid Petroleum Gas
- Natural Gas or Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
- Aviation turbine fuel
- Firewood for crematoriums and other religious purposes
- Wood charcoal for Tandoors and grills of hotels, restaurants, banquet halls and eateries having an emission control system.
- Refuse Derived fuel (only for waste to energy plants)
- Coal with low sulfur (less than 0.4%) will be permitted for use only in thermal power plants.
- Diesel (BS-IV with 50ppm Sulfur)
This notification is an amendment to the list of approved fuels launched on August 27th, 1996. It was a decision which was made due to the widespread use of dirty domestic and industrial fuels in the city. It is advised that you should follow the guidelines of there will be DPCC penalty charged.
The public can send the suggestions/objections made to the list to the “Member Secretary, DPCC, 5th floor, ISBT Building, Kashmere Gate- 110006 or can send it via email at [email protected] mentioning the subject of such application.” LegalRaasta has compiled all the information regarding the DPCC office you can check now.
Why was this list of DPCC fuels necessary?
- This move was the need of the hour because of the rampant use of sulfur-heavy fuels like furnace oil and petroleum coke. And it is found responsible for generating an “enormous” amount of air pollutants and it needs immediate attention.
- Due to a “crash” in the global fuel prices, there has been a spike in sales of furnace oil (which is bottom of the barrel product at the refineries) and pet coke (which is a by-product).
- Due to the combustion of sulfur, there is an emission of particulates and gaseous pollutants like Sulfur Dioxide (SO2). As a result, the gas converts into particles (depending on the level of moisture in the air).
- As per the IIT- Kanpur report, these secondary particles are the primary source of winter pollution in Delhi. And 25-30% is from the vehicles, power plants and industries.
- And the EPCA [Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority] exposed that there are high levels of sulfur (as much as 74,000 ppm in pet coke and 23,000 ppm in furnace oil). The usage of these fuels was without any standards and any pollution control equipment for SO2 (Sulfur Oxide) and NOx (Nitric Oxide).
What are the effects of such a move?
As per the list of DPCC fuels, coal is exempted from use from everything except in power plants, where coal with 0.4% sulfur will be permitted. Delhi though has decided to shut down its coal power plants- including the Badarpur plant.
With the ban on coal and other dirty fuels like pet coke and furnace oil, industrial units will be required to shift to cleaner alternatives. Such as piped natural gas, electricity or BS-VI diesel. Says Roychowdhury: “It is encouraging to note that the use of natural gas by industries has expanded now in Delhi.”
The Supreme court has banned the use of pet coke and furnace oil in Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
We’d like to say that the government has the responsibility to launch policies and programs. But we must make the necessary changes to protect the environment.
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