ISO is the set of a framework that helps you to run your business effectively. It is considered as an independent, non-government organization and the members of which are the standards organization of the 168 member countries. It is the world’s largest developer of voluntary international standards and facilities world trade by providing common standards between nations. So, this ISO certification is a proof from a third party that you can comply with an ISO management standard. Credibility can be increased through ISO standards. Not only this, but over 20 thousand ISO standards have been set to cover everything from manufactured products and technology to food safety, agriculture and healthcare.

Significance of ISO standard

  • It helps to increase productivity while minimizing errors and waste.
  • It enables the products from different markets to be directly compared and they facilitate companies in entering new markets and assist in the development of global trade on a fair basis.
  • The different types of standards serve to safeguard consumers and the end-users of products and services, ensuring that certified products conform to the minimum standards set internationally.

Read more:  Procedure of ISO certification in India and the Importance of ISO 9001 in India 

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Benefits of ISO standard 

Given below are the benefits of ISO standard:

  • Economic Benefits

According to the research of many countries suggested that these standards help to boost the economy. In U.K, $8.2 billion is thought to have been contributed to annual growth in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Whereas in Canada, the figure thought to have been injected into the economy since 1981 is said to be around $91 billion.

  • Business Benefits

  • It cuts cost through improvement in systems and processes
  • Through ISO there is an increase in customer satisfaction with improvement in safety and quality
  • It enhances the ability to access new markets is also a benefit as a product and services can be compatible
  • Reduction in the impact on the environment


  • Consumer Benefits

  1. Raise consumer confidence when they see the International standards logo, trusting that the product or service is safe and reliable as well as of good quality.
  2. Increase confidence when it comes to particular aspects of products is key too such as toy safety.
  3. Broaden the process of creating and writing International standards.
  • Government benefits

Following are the benefits to the government:

  • The opinion of experts of ISO standard teams and groups have meant that when regulations are created, their opinions and skills can be relied upon
  • An Opening in global markets has no doubt been a key benefit; these standards have meant that the movement of goods, services, and logistical technologies are now compatible with making trading easier but also safer too.

Language usage

Following are the three official languages of the ISO standard:




Standardization Process

It is the stage of a long process for publishing that commonly starts with the proposal of new work within a committee. Given below are the abbreviations used for making a standard with its status:

  • PWI – Preliminary Work Item
  • AWI – Approved new Work Item
  • NP or NWIP – New Proposal / New Work Item Proposal
  • WD – Working Draft
  • CD – Committee Draft
  • FCD – Final Committee Draft
  • DIS – Draft International Standard
  • FDIS – Final Draft International Standard
  • PRF – Proof of a new International Standard
  • IS – International Standard

Financing of ISO

Following are the combination from which ISO is basically funded:

  • The organization who is managing the specific projects or loan experts to participate in the technical work.
  • Subscriptions from members bodies that should be in proportion to each country’s gross national product and trade figures.
  • Sale of ISO standard.

List of ISO standard

  • Quality based

ISO Standards  Specification
ISO 10004:2012 Quality management — Customer satisfaction — Guidelines for monitoring and measuring
ISO 10006:2017 Guidelines for quality management in projects
ISO 13485:2016 Medical devices — Quality management systems — Requirements for regulatory purposes
ISO 18091:2014 Quality management — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 in local government
 ISO 21001 Quality management systems — Specific requirements for the application of ISO 9001and IAEA GS-R requirements by organizations in the Supply Chain of the Nuclear Energy sector
 ISO 29001 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Sector-specific quality management systems — Requirements for product and service supply organizations
ISO 9001:2015 Quality management system requirements
 ISO/IEC 80079-34 Explosive atmospheres — Part 34: Application of quality systems for equipment manufacture
 ISO/TS 17582: 2014
ISO 22163: 2017 Railway applications — Quality management systems-Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015 in the rail sector
  • Industry-based

ISO standards Specification
ISO 14298: 2013 Graphic technology – Management of security printing processes
ISO 15378: 2017  Primary packaging materials for medicinal products – Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015, with reference to good manufacturing practice (GMP)
 ISO 16000- 40 Indoor air – Part 40: Indoor Air Quality Management System
 ISO/TS 22163: 2017 Railway applications – Quality management system – Business management system requirements for rail organizations: ISO 9001:2015 and particular requirements for application in the rail sector
  • Safety and security-based 

ISO Standards Specification
 ISO 22000 Food safety management system-Requirements for any organization in the food chain
ISO 10377: 2013  Consumer product safety — Guidelines for suppliers
ISO 10393: 2013  Consumer product recalls — Guidelines for suppliers
ISO 18788: 2015  Management system for private security operations
ISO 22004: 2014  Food safety management systems — Guidance on the application ofISO 22000
 ISO 22301: 2012  Societal security — Business continuity management systems
 ISO  24518: 2015  Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services — Crisis management of water utilities
 ISO 28007-1: 2015  Ships and marine technology — Guidelines for Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSC) providing privately contracted armed security personnel (PCASP) on board ships (and pro forma contract)
 ISO 39001: 2012  Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems
ISO/DIS 34001.4  Security and resilience — Security management system for organizations assuring authenticity, integrity, and trust for products and documents
 ISO/DIS 45001  Occupational health and safety management systems
ISO/IEC 80079-34: 2011  Explosive atmospheres — Part 34: Application of quality systems for equipment manufacture
ISO/NP 35001  Laboratory biorisk management system
ISO/TS 34700: 2016  Animal welfare management — General requirements and guidance for organizations in the food supply chain
  • General Management based

  • ISO Standards Specification
     ISO 30401 Human resource management — Knowledge management systems
    ISO 34101-1  Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans — Part 1: Requirements for sustainability management systems
    ISO 41001  Facility management: Management system- requirements for guidance with use
    ISO 44001:2017  Collaborative business relationship management systems — Framework
    ISO 19600:2014  Compliance management systems — Guidelines
    ISO 30301:2011  Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Requirements
    ISO 30302:2015  Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Guidelines for implementation
    ISO  37001:2016  Anti-bribery management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
    ISO  37101: 2016  Sustainable development in communities — Management system for sustainable development — Requirements with guidance for use
    ISO  55001:2014  Asset management — Management systems — Requirements
    ISO  55002:2014  Asset management — Management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 55001
    ISO/AWI 50501  Innovation management – Innovation management system – Guidance
  • Health and Medical based

ISO Standards Specification
 ISO 13485: 2016 Medical devices — Quality management systems — Requirements for regulatory purposes
  • Environment and Energy based

ISO Standards Specification
 ISO 14002-1 Environmental management systems — Guidelines for applying the ISO 14001 framework to environmental aspects and environmental conditions by environmental topic areas
 ISO 50001:2018  Energy management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
ISO 14001:2015  Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
 ISO 14004:2016  Environmental management systems — General guidelines on implementation
 ISO 14005:2010  Environmental management systems — Guidelines for the phased implementation of an environmental management system, including the use of environmental performance evaluation
 ISO 14006:2011  Environmental management systems — Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign
 ISO 50004: 2014  Energy management systems — Provide guidance for the maintenance, implementation, and improvement of an energy management system
  • Information and technology-based

ISO Standards Specification
 ISO/IEC 20000-2 Information technology — Service management — Part 2: Guidance on the application of service management systems
ISO/IEC 27003:2017  Information technology — Security techniques
ISO/IEC  27552
ISO/IEC 20000-1  Information technology — Service management — Part 1: Service management system requirements
ISO/IEC 27001:2013  Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Requirements
ISO/IEC 27010:2015 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management for inter-sector and inter-organizational communications
ISO/IEC 27013: 2015  Information technology — Security techniques — Guidance on the integrated implementation of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 20000-1
ISO/IEC 90003:2014  Software engineering — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 to computer software
ISO/IEC DIS 19770-1 Information technology — IT asset management
  • Services based

ISO Standards Specification
ISO 21101:2014 Adventure tourism — Safety management systems
 ISO 24518:2015  Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services – Crisis management of water utilities
 ISO 20121: 2012  Event sustainability management systems
 ISO/IEC 20000-1:2011  Information technology — Service management
 ISO/WD 24526  Water efficiency management systems – Requirements with guidance for use


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